Abd al-aziz ibn saud

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Abdul aziz bin Abdul Rahman ibn Faisal Al Saud, also known von several abbreviated forms des this name, or simply as Ibn Saud, was first monarch von Saudi Arabia. He was born into ns House of Saud (also Sa'ud), which had historically maintained dominion over bei area von what was then well-known as Arabia referred to as Nejd.

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He was born in Riyadh. Bei 1890, at die age des ten, Saud followed his family into exile in Kuwait following ns conquering of the family's lands von the Rashidi. He spent die remainder des his childhood in Kuwait together a "penniless exile." <1>

In 1901, at die age of 21, Ibn Saud flourished his father, Abdul Rahman morgen Faisal, to become die leader von the Saud empire with die title Sultan von Nejd. It was at this time that he collection out to reconquer his family lands native Ibn Rashid an what is now dubbed Saudi Arabia. In 1902, in addition to a party von relatives and servants, the recaptured Riyadh with just twenty men über assassinating ns Rashidi governor von the city. Ibn Saud was considered a "magnetic" leader, and many previous supporters des the House des Saud once again rallied to its speak to following ns capture of Riyadh.

For two years complying with his dramatic capture of Riyadh, Ibn Saud recaptured almost für hilfe of Nejd from ns Rashidi. In 1904, however, Ibn Rashid appealed to the Ottoman Empire weil das assistance in defeating die House von Saud. The Ottomans sent troops to Arabia, setting Ibn Saud on die defensive. Die armies von the House of Saud suffered a significant defeat top top June 15, 1904, however his pressures soon reconstituted and resumed the offensive as ns Turkish troops left the country due to supply problems.

Ibn Saud lastly consolidated manage over die Nejd bei 1912 with die help of bei organized and well-trained army. Throughout World war I, die British federal government attempted to cultivate favor v Ibn Saud, but generally favored his rival Sherif Hussein ibn Ali, leader of Hejaz, whom die Sauds were virtually constantly at zu sein with. Regardless of this, die British entered into a treaty in December von 1915 making the lands des the House von Saud a brothers protectorate. In exchange, Ibn Saud pledged zu again make war against Ibn Rashid, that was an ally des the Ottomans.

Ibn Saud did not, however, automatically make zu sein against Ibn Rashid, despite a secure supply des weapons and cash (£5,000 Sterling per month) supplied by the British. He suggested with ns British that the payment he received was insufficient kommen sie adequately wage war against in enemy as powerful as Ibn Rashid. In 1920, however, die House von Saud ultimately marched again against die Rashidi, extinguishing your dominion an 1922. Die defeat of the Rashidis doubled the territory von the House von Saud, and British subsidies continued until 1924.

In 1925 ns Sauds beat Husayn in battle.

In 1927, following die defeat des Husayn, the British government recognized ns power of the Saud family, angeführt by Ibn Saud, over viel of what zu sein today Saudi Arabia. At this time he changed his own title from Sultan of Nejd to könig of Hejaz und Nejd.

From 1927 zu 1932, Ibn Saud continued zu consolidate stärke throughout ns Arabian Peninsula. In 1932, having conquered most des the Peninsula, Saud renamed ns area from die lands of Nejd und Hejaz kommen sie Saudi Arabia. He climate proclaimed himself king of Saudi Arabia, with the support des the brother government.

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Oil and the rule of Ibn Saud

Oil was discovered bei Saudi Arabia an 1938, and Ibn Saud responded von granting considerable authority over Saudi oil fields to American oil companies. Bei the at an early stage days von the oil boom many oil earnings received von the government von Saudi Arabia were immediately directed to die coffers von the imperial family. As the income indigenous oil grew, however, Ibn Saud began zu spend some earnings on enhancing the lives of his subjects.

Saud forced plenty of nomadic tribes kommen sie settle down und abandon "petty wars" and vendettas. He deshalb began zu fight crime in Saudi Arabia, particularly crime versus pilgrims visiting die holy cities of Mecca und Medina.

Ibn Saud positioned Saudi Arabia as neutral in World war II, but was generally considered kommen sie favor ns Allies.

In 1948, Saud participated in the Arab-Israeli war. The contribution von Saudi Arabia was generally considered token.

Ibn Saud died an Taif.

Ibn Saud had 52 youngsters (of i beg your pardon 37 were boys), von several various women. Castle are:

By Wadhba bint Muhammad al-HazzamTurki (1900-1919)Saud (January 12, 1902 - February 23, 1969)By BazzaNasser (born 1919)Bandar (born 1923)Fawwaz (born 1934)By Princess Jauhara bint Musaid Al SaudMuhammad (1910-1988)Khaled (1913 - June 13, 1982)Anud (born 1917)By Jauhara bint Saad al-SudairySaad (1920 - 1990s)Musaid (born 1923)Abdalmohsen (1925-1985)By ShahidaMansur (1922 - may 2, 1951)Mishal (born 1926)Qumasha (born 1927)Muteb (born 1931)By Princess Haya bint Sa'ad al-Sudairy (1913 - april 18, 2003)Badr (born 1933)HassaAbdalillah (born 1935)Abdalmajid (born 1940)MashaelBy Hessa bint Ahmad al-Sudairy (these are well-known as die "Sudairi Seven")Fahd (born 1923)Sultan (born january 5, 1928)Abdalrahman (born 1931)Turki (born 1932)Nayef (born 1934)Salman (born 1936)Ahmad (born 1940)LulwahBy unknownKhaled (born 1903)Faisal (April 1904 - march 25, 1975)Fahd (1905-1919)Abdallah (born ehrenvoll 1921)Shaikha (born 1922)Talal (1930-1931)JauharaTalal (born 1931)DaughterBadr (1931-1932)Mishari (1932 - might 23, 2000)Nawwaf (born 1933)Thamir (1937 - June 27, 1959)Majed (October 19, 1938 - april 12, 2003)Mamduh (born 1940)Sattam (born january 21, 1941)Hathloul (born 1941)Nura (died 1930)Abdalsalam (1941)Mashhur (born 1942)Jiluwi (1942-1944)Muqren (born september 15, 1945)Hamud (born 1947)Sara (c. 1916 - June 2000).

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All des these carry the surname "bin Abdul azus Al Saud" for men and "bint Abdul aziz Al Saud" weil das women. Ibn Saud ist the father des all ns Kings des Saudi Arabia that oase succeeded him. König Saud thrived his father together regent von Saudi Arabia bei 1953, 3 months after being appointed element Minister by his father. An 1964 king Saud was deposed by the Saudi Council des Ministers and succeeded von King Faisal, another of Ibn Saud's sons. Faisal was followed von two various other sons, Khalid und Fahd. According to ns Saudi radikale Law of 1992, the könig of Saudi Arabia have to be a boy or grandson of Ibn Saud

Source:Wikipedia . This article is available under ns terms von the GNU complimentary Documentation License.